1880 U.S. Census

Link to 1880 Census Documents: https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/1417683?collectionNameFilter=true

The 1880 U.S. Census records recorded the number of the family or dwelling in the order of visitation by the Census enumerator. The following data was recorded about each person:

  • full name
  • state, county, city
  • race
  • gender
  • age (for children under age one, indicate the birth month)
  • relationship to head of household
  • marital status
  • did the person get married in the census year
  • occupation/trade
  • number of months employed in the census year
  • place of birth
  • father/mother places of birth
  • did the person attend school in the past year
  • is the individual literate or illiterate
  • was the person sick/disabled on day of the census
  • does the individual have one or more types of disabilities/injuries listed as “blind, deaf, dumb, idiotic, insane, maimed, bedridden, or otherwise disabled”

A special census schedule of “Defective, Dependent, and Delinquent Classes” was taken in this year and can be accessed through Ancestry.com with a paid subscription, but is not available for free online.

Native Americans in the general population were identified in the main census if they were not living on reservations.  A “Special Census of Indians” was conducted in this year for those Native Americans who lived on reservations or who were nomadic. You can read more about that on Ancestry. The index is available with a free account on their site. Please note that this is a separate initiative than the later U.S. Indian Census Rolls.

A Mortality Schedule that recorded deaths was also taken. See notes for 1850.

Official Enumeration Date: June 1st

Loss of Records: No significant loss of census records known.

Link to 1880 Census Documents: https://www.familysearch.org/search/collection/1417683?collectionNameFilter=true

Go back to “A Guide to Using U.S. Census Records